What is an Android Operating System & Its Features

The Android operating system is the most widely used on various mobile platforms around the world. It will have around 75% of the global market share by the end of 2020. A company like the Open Handset Alliance has developed the first Android that is based on the controlled version of the Linux kernel and other open-source software. In early 2005, Google sponsored the project and the management of the entire company. In September 2008, the first Android device was launched, the cellular industry domain due to numerous features such as ease of use, excellent community support, customization, and manufacturing of Android devices in large enterprises as a result, the market is examining the Demands of Devices Enabled for Android Development with Smart Developers. Therefore, the Android operating system became a complete set of operating systems for various devices, such as handheld devices, cell phones, laptops, smart TVs, tablets, set-top boxes, etc.

What is an Android operating system?

Android is a powerful operating system and supports a wide variety of applications on smartphones. These applications are more convenient and advanced for users. The hardware supported by Android software is based on the ARM architecture platform. Android is an open-source operating system, which means that it is free and anyone can use it. Android has millions of apps available that can help you manage your life one way or another, and it’s cheap in the market, which is why Android is very popular.

Android development supports the full Java programming language. Other packages that are API and JSE are also not supported. The first version 1.0 of the Android Development Kit (SDK) was released in 2008 and the latest updated version is Jelly Bean.

Android Hardware

The main platform compatible with Android is the ARM (Advanced RISC Machines) architecture. ARM is one of the most licensed and therefore most powerful processor cores in the world. The following rights on the supply of energy and the perception of energy are used in portable rights. Various Android cell phones, laptops and tablets, Dell Dell Streak, Samsung Galaxy Tab, family, and other devices using Android devices. HTC Dream was the first Android phone to be released on October 22, 2008.


As mentioned earlier, Android is open source, which means that you can download the Android source code, customize it, and use it for your purposes.


Application framework that enables the reuse and replacement of components.

Dalvik virtual machine optimized for mobile devices.

Integrated browser based on the open-source WebKit engine.

Graphics optimized with a user-defined 2D graphics library: 3D graphics based on the OpenGL ES 1.0 specification (optional hardware acceleration).

SQLite for structured data storage.

Media weighting for common audio, video, and still image formats (MPEG4, H.264, MP3, AAC, AMR, JPG, PNG, GIF).

GSM telephony (according to hardware).

Bluetooth, Edge, 3G, and WiFi hardware (depending on hardware).

Camera, GPS, compass, and accelerometer (depending on hardware).

Comprehensive development solution with a device emulator for

Android Architecture

Android is an operating system, and it’s a stack of software components broken down into five sections and four main layers

Linux kernel


Android runtime

Application framework


Linux kernel

Android was built on the open-source Linux 2.6 kernel. The Android stack is designed to be flexible. A Linux kernel provides a basic hardware abstraction layer as well as basic services such as process, memory, and file system management. All can say that Linux is such an operating system that Android relies on its powerful core functions to mold itself and offer services.


Non-C / C ++ Libraries – Libraries that are often borrowed from the open-source community to provide the necessary services for the Android application layer.

Android runtime

The Android runtime provides a key component called the Dalvik Virtual Machine, a type of Java Virtual Machine. It was developed and optimized for Android. Dalvik VM is the virtual process machine in Android Act. It is software that runs applications on Android devices.

The Dalvik virtual machine uses core Linux functions such as memory management and multithreading in Java. Dalvik VM is the head of the Android application and enables its process processes. Dalvik VM will issue the rights in .dex format.

Application framework

The application framework layer offers many higher-level services to applications such as window manager, display system, package manager, resource manager, etc. Application developers can use these services in their applications.


You can find all Android apps at the top level, write your app and install it at that level. Examples of such applications are contacts, books, browsers, services, etc. Each application has a different role in general applications

Android operating system vs. Apple iOS

The differences between the Android operating system and Apple iOS include the following.

Android ios

The android developer was primarily Google and Open Handset Alliance iOS developer was Apple Inc.

Initial publication was September 23, 2008, Initial publication was July 29, 2007

The latest version for Android 11 The latest version of iOS is 14.1 and iPadOS 14.1

It’s an open-source model. The source model is closed, including open source components.

Compared to iOS, file transfer is easy. File transfer is more difficult on iOS, but media file transfer can be done using the iTunes desktop app.

The browser used in Android is Google Chrome. The browser used in iOS is Safari

Web Mapping Used In These Google Maps Web Mapping Used In These Apple Maps

The available languages are almost 100 The available languages are almost 40

Video calls can be made through various applications. FaceTime and other third-party applications are used for video calls.

Google Assistant is used as a virtual assistant Siri is used as a virtual assistant

This operating system is compatible with various smartphones such as Samsung, Xiaomi, OnePlus, Honor, Vivo, etc. This operating system is only compatible with Apple products such as iPad, iPhone, iPod Touch, and Apple TV

Battery life is good. Battery life is not good compared to Android

Biometric authentication in Android managers is a fingerprint or facial recognition. The biometric authentication used in iOS is fingerprint or face recognition.

The family of operating systems is Linux OS X, UNIX

Windows Inventory

Windows handles it unconsciously compared to Android.

One like Windows is owned by Microsoft Incorporation and was managed in 1985.

It is used on all PCs in all organizations. The current stable version of this operating system is Windows 10.

The core type must be in hybrids.

Authorization is expected under copyright law and is used as a source.

The original version is in high demand.

It is the most widely used operating system on all PCs.

Used for media centers, workstations, PCs, embedded systems, and tablets.

Also Read: What is MAC & What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of MacOS

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